Constitutional Law and Political Structure of I.R. Iran

Constitutional Law and Political Structure of I.R. Iran picture

Course Description

This course provides theoretical and practical training in terms of the Constitutional law of the Islamic Republic of Iran. Postgraduates and undergraduates students are particularly welcomed to participate. Besides, those wishing to improve their ability to critically understand the Iran’s legal regime are invited. Classes will mainly be seminar-based and the students are strongly encouraged to actively participate in discussions. The course is jointly organized by the Research Center of the Guardian Council of the IRI affiliated to the Guardian Council of the Constitution and the University of Religions and Denominations. 


The Guardian Council of the Constitution

According to Article 93 of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran, the Guardian Council is one of the most important governmental institutions in Iran, without which the legislative assembly (Majlis) and its approved laws will lose their credibility. The Guardian Council is in charge of examining all approved laws of Majlis to verify that they are compatible with Islamic laws and the Constitution, in order for them to be legitimate. In addition to this prominent role, the Guardian Council is commissioned to supervise elections, and it counts as the official authority for the interpretation of the Constitution. It is named “Guardian Council” because it is in charge of guarding and protecting “Islamic laws” as well as the “Constitution.”


The Research Center of the Guardian Council

The Research Center of the Guardian Council was founded by the Council in 1997, and turned into an Institute in 2013.

The research center has a number of important missions:

  1. Examination of all approved enactments of Majlis and presentation of well-argued and well-documented consultations to the Guardian Council with respect to their compatibility or incompatibility with the Constitution: thus, when a bill is proposed in Majlis, the research institute collects relevant documents and evidences, and carefully considers the process of its approval in Majlis, so that in due time it can provide the Guardian Council with a cogent and well-argued consultations.
  2. Publishing the opinions of the Guardian Council with their evidences: the institute publishes the official opinions of the Guardian Council with respect to approved enactments of Majlis, as well as the Council’s interpretations of the Constitution, in book formats. It formulates the evidence of those views and prepares them for publication.
  3. Preparation, documentation and publication of detailed discussions of the Guardian Council.
  4. Extraction of the arguments of the Guardian Council for its positions regarding the approved laws of Majlis, and for its interpretations of the Constitution, from detailed discussions of the Guardian council, and their publication as books.
  5. Holding various workshops and study courses on Iran’s constitutional and political structure for both domestic and international researchers.
  6. Studies in fields related to the responsibilities of the Guardian Council, and in particular, Constitutional law of the Islamic Republic of Iran in order to prepare consultations for the Guardian Council with regard to approved enactments of Majlis as well as enquiries about interpretations of the articles of the Constitution, and in order to identify gaps in the Constitution and offer proposals for filling in those gaps.
  7. Explanation of the system of the Constitutional law of the Islamic Republic of Iran in the form of books in accordance with the Constitution, its foundations, and the position of the Guardian Council as the official interpreter of the Constitution.
  8. Theoretical and methodological studies in interpretation, and in particular, the interpretation of the Constitution.
  9. Studies on elections and how to supervise them.
  10. Comparative studies about fields relevant to the Guardian Council, and in particular, Constitutional law and their deployment in order to offer more cogent consultations to the Guardian Council.

Course Topics

  • The Constitution of the I.R.I.
    • Historical Perspective
    • Foundations of the Constitution                                                                                                  
  • Structure of the Powers                               
    • Legislative Power                                                                                                                  
    • Executive Power                                                                            
    • Judicial Power
  • Islam as the Official Religion of I.R.I.
    • Islamic Legal Foundations
    • Consequences of the Formal Religion
    • Doctrine of Immamh and Ummah
    • Imamah Vs Caliphate (Sunni View)
    • Imamah Vs the Modern State                                                            
  • Vilayet-e-Faqih (Leadership) Theory; A Model of Democratic Governance
    • Doctrinal Basis of the Guardianship of the Islamic Jurist (Vali-e-Faqih)
    • Vilayet-e-Faqih as A Balance-of-Powers System
    • Powers and Responsibilities
    • Election and RemovalThe Assembly of Experts of the Leadership
    • Accountability


Social Program

The social program lets you experience the best of Tehran (political capital). Tehran with its vibrant, cutting edge culture and fast-paced lifestyle provide a view of day-to-day life in Iran. We have designed a variety of programs, including meeting with official figures, along with visiting cultural and non-govermental centers, foundations and associations. Our handpicked social activities in Tehran brings to you an enriching adventure to complement your academic course.


Cultural Tour (Optional)

For those who pursue to enrich their experience of Iran, this optional tour of Iran (Qom, Kashan, and Isfahan) would be of interest. Follow in pilgrims’ footsteps and explore the history of old Persia and the spirit of the new Iran. Discover magnificent monuments, artworks, and sights and deeper insight into this ancient land.


Who Can Apply?

The workshop on Constitutional Law and Political Structure of the I.R. Iran is open to scholars, journalists, professors, researchers and students from all around the world. The program is designed for academics from various background, who are interested in expanding their understanding of Iran. Individuals from a wide range of academic or professional interests are welcome to apply.



Course Fee

A number of fee packages are available for this course. All fee packages include accomodation in 4 star hotels, tuition costs, social programs, educational booklets, lunch, snacks and refreshments, travel insurance, airport transfers (pick-up and drop-off) and site visits.


Fee Package

Standard Fee

Early Birds

Group / Partner (3-5)



     520 EUR

 468 EUR

         416 EUR



    280 EUR 

 250 EUR

         230 EUR


Course & Tour

    800 EUR

 720 EUR

          640 EUR



Important Dates

  • Early registration deadline:    February 28, 2019
  • Registration deadline:             April 10,  2019
  • Academic Course:                   April 29- May 3, 2019
  • Cultural Tour:                           May 4-7, 2019


Further Information